Key Definitions

 
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Key Definitions

Structural Racism is that tradition in U. S. history and culture that allows the privilege associated with 'whiteness' and the disadvantage of 'color' to endure and adapt over time.
http://www.racialequitytools.org/ci-issues-sr.htm

Institutional Racism refers specifically to the ways in which institutional policies and practices create different outcomes for different racial groups.
http://www.racialequitytools.org/glossary.htm

Implicit Bias, also known as Hidden Bias or Unconscious Bias, Implicit Bias arose as a way to explain why discrimination persists, even though polling and other research clearly shows that people oppose it.

Disparities refers to the unequal or different treatment or services provided to one group as compared to another group it is how one is treated or the types, quality and quality of service available.

Disproportionality is the over representation of a particular group or race in a system compared to its representation in the general population.

Disproportionate Minority Representation (DMR) another term for disproportionality. It occurs when the percentage for the representation of a particular minority group (racial, ethnic) involved with a service system, is significantly higher or lower than that group's percentage or representation in the general population.
http://www.ocfs.state.ny.us/main/recc/Overview_DMR_OCFS_Service_Delivery.pdf

Proportionate Representation means representation of people in local, state or national legislative bodies based solely on their population. Adoption of the proportional principle for American elections would create opportunity for a more inclusive and a less polarized democracy.
http://archive.fairvote.org/library/history/true_experiences.htm

Racial Equity, is the body of policies, practices, attitudes and cultural messages that ensures freedom from bias against any racial group and prevents differential outcomes by race.
http://www.racialequitytools.org/glossary.htm

Social Equality exists when all people within a specific society or isolated group have the same status under the law.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Social_equality

Accountability refers to responsibility, answerability to the communities struggling with racist oppression.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Social_responsibility

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Consequences
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